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Indo-European roots are specific languages that were made by comparing many languages (Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, German). In the 19th century, comparative linguist were able to group the languages used in Iceland and Ireland in the west to India in the east, and from Scandinavia in the north to Italy and Greece in the south, into a family called Indo-European or Proto-Indo-European. The dialects or branches of Indo-European are still represented today by one or more of the following languages: Indo-Iranian, Greek, Armenian, Balto-Slavic, Albanian, Celtic, Italic, and Germanic etc. (see Figure 1). Some patterns of word stems of Indo-European are called Indo-European roots as hypothet ical languages.